02/08/2018

Science Blog: Geodiversity of the Baltic Sea

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Anu Kaskela, Geologist

During recent years, the term ‘geodiversity’ has been used in parallel with biodiversity to advance the integrated management of the environment and to emphasize that ecosystems consists of both biotic and abiotic components. Geodiversity includes the natural range of geological, geomorphological, and soil features and their assemblages, relationships, properties, interpretations, and systems (Gray, 2004). So […]

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01/15/2018

Science Blog: What will happen to a waste-rock dump in hundreds of years? A stochastic multicomponent reactive transport model can support this prediction

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Daniele Pedretti, Research Professor

The problem of mine waste management Mining activities can generate large volumes of waste rocks (Figure 1) that are generally stored in large unsaturated dumps on the land surface at the mine site. Waste rocks are not tailings. Waste rocks comprise the overburden that overlies an ore or mineral body and is displaced during mining […]

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12/04/2017

Science Blog: GIS-based mineral potential targeting is making the most out of geoscience data to enable new discoveries

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Vesa Nykänen, Research Professor

Mineral potential targeting or mineral prospectivity mapping can be defined as a multi-step process of extracting and weighting mappable features indicating the critical parameters of the mineral deposit types, or more preferably the mineral systems, that are being sought. This is achieved by combining the evidence layers, and finally ranking promising target areas for further […]

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10/24/2017

Science Blog: The fight is not over yet – our surface waters are still facing many pressures

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Tommi Kauppila, Research Professor

The chemical and ecological status of Finnish surface waters has considerably improved since the 1970s. However, some of the stressors that affect our lakes and rivers have proved difficult to control, and some new pressures have also appeared. While point source stressors such as municipal and industrial waste waters are nowadays well managed, diffuse loadings […]

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10/02/2017

Science Blog: Understanding long-term evolution in nuclear waste disposal through geology

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Heini Reijonen, Chief Scientist

Geological disposal of radioactive waste Several options have been investigated for the management of radioactive waste, especially high-level wastes, such as spent nuclear fuel. Geological disposal is the internationally preferred option to deal with high-level radioactive waste. Even in cases where the fuel is treated or re-used, high-level waste, with variable compositions, will still be […]

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08/14/2017

Science Blog: Gas studies help to elucidate safety issues related to underground construction

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Riikka Kietäväinen, Research Scientist

As economic natural gas accumulations are not known from Finland, gases have often been overlooked in bedrock and groundwater studies. However, gases, including methane, nitrogen, hydrogen and helium, can also be found in the Precambrian crystalline bedrock of the Fennoscandian Shield. The gases are mainly dissolved in water, but bubbling is also seen here and […]

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06/05/2017

Science Blog: Current Research Projects

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Niko Putkinen, Geologist

Modern and Ancient Glaciations project Niko has been collaborating in the utilization of new imagery (LiDAR) to shed new light on the origin of drumlins and megaflutings formed under soft-bedded glaciers. Following his postdoctoral year in the laboratory of Nick Eyles at the Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto at Scarborough (UTSC) […]

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05/10/2017

Science Blog: Stable Isotope Studies by Microbeam Analyses and Sources of Fluids in Orogenic Gold Mineral Systems

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Ferenc Molnár, Research Professor

In situ mass spectrometric techniques are among the most rapidly developing analytical techniques that are revolutionizing our understanding of mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry. The advantage of these techniques is that they enable us to study very small mineral samples (e.g. a few hundreds of cubic micrometres), while still producing precise analyses of isotope ratios or […]

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04/26/2017

Science Blog: Groundwater as an Energy Resource in Finland

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Teppo Arola, Chief Expert

Groundwater can be seen as an option for renewable energy utilisation and not only a source of individual or municipal drinking water. Finland has multiple groundwater reservoirs that are easily exploitable, but groundwater energy is not commonly used for renewable energy production. For this blog, I would like to briefly highlight the outcomes of my […]

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03/20/2017

Science Blog: Assessing the unknown: Finland’s undiscovered mineral resources

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Kalevi Rasilainen, Geologist
Pasi Eilu, Senior Scientist

Assessments carried out by the Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) since 2008 indicate that Finland has notable undiscovered resources of several important metals. As of the end of 2016, assessment results have been published for platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), gold (Au), silver (Ag), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni), cobalt (Co), lead (Pb), molybdenum (Mo) […]

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